France with its capital city Paris has been a high and rich cultural center dating back to the sixteenth century in Europe. But it was in the twentieth century that its high society appeal spread all over the world. France has played a very important role in fashion, perfumes, wine and cuisine not to forget cinema. French high style fashion and French cuisine are world famous representing the country’s taste for high culture.
History of France:
One can trace the history of France over several centuries and it was a result of a combination of the cultural influences of the Romans, Franks and the Gauls. The turbulent history of France has influenced the culture of the country to a great extent. In fact France has provided an economic, geographic and linguistic bridge that joins Northern and Southern Europe. France has since been an important agricultural producer and a leading industrial nation in Europe.
France is a six-sided hexagon shaped nation covering an area of 200,000 square miles making it one of the largest European nations. Its capital and cultural centre is Paris that dominates the whole nation. France is bordered with the Atlantic Ocean on the West, English Channel to the North and the Mediterranean Sea to the South. Alps are the major mountain ranges in the East and the Pyrenees in the Southwest. Other major cities of France are Lyon, Marseille, Nantes and Bordeaux.
Historically speaking French culture was influenced by Gallo-Roman, Celtic and the Franks. France is famous for being a romantic country emphasizing a passion not only for love relationships but also when it comes to wine, food and living a luxurious life.
The density of population of France is considerably lower as compared to other European countries. Though French is the regional language of France but other dialects like Breton, Corsican, Catalan, Alsatian and Flemish are also spoken here.
France is a secular country where freedom of religion is preserved. The main religion of France is Roman Catholicism but Islam, Protestantism and Judaism is also practiced here
The origination of Gothic art and architecture took place in France centuries ago but later it spread to the whole of Europe. Art is depicted especially in Paris and other major cities of France in the form of churches and other public
buildings where Gothic, Roman and Neo classic influences can be seen. Many renowned artists like Edgar Degas, Claude Monet and Camille Pissarro were supporters of the impressionism movements but were inspired from the city of Paris. One of the largest museums that is home to the Mona Lisa and Venus de Milo, the Louvre Museum is in Paris. Cultural events like the opera, ballet theater classical concerts and other events are highly valued as exquisite art forms.
France has thus played an important role in supporting and promoting its culture through its linguistic, educational, cultural and economic policies of the government and at the same time maintained its identity.